[Home] → [Agri: Agricultural and gardening]

Recipes for agriculture and gardening (1930s)

Fertilizers, insect and pest control products, herbicides and more...

Nowadays, to get a good harvest, the use of artificial fertilizers, pesticides for insects and vermin and herbicides is absolutely necessary. However, these preparations must all be precisely adapted to the purpose and to the type of soil. The pesticides for pests must have special properties, only for a certain species. The composition of the pesticide often also depends on the extent to which the plants are affected by the pests. Furthermore, with fruit, for example, one must take into account the fact that residues often remain on the fruit.
The three raw materials, which are most important for the structure of the plants and are absorbed in the largest quantities, are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. These substances occur in strongly varying percentages in the various products that are used as fertilizers. When purchasing, the content is therefore always specified. Since the different types of crops have a very different need for nitrogen, potassium or phosphorus, the composition of the fertilizer must be selected effectively. Especially with nitrogen, the form in which it is bound still plays a major role. It is therefore not always the same whether one takes ammonium sulphate, sodium sulphate or urea. Phosphoric acid is usually obtained in superphosphate, also as bone meal or snail meal, the potassium in the form of various salts.

Potato mix manure

Ammonium sulfate (20% N) 50 dl
Superphosphate (16% P2O5)  500 dl
Chile saltpeter 50 dl
Blood meal (13% N) 170 dl
Potassium (50% K2O) 140 dl
Sand 90 dl
This fertilizer contains 4% nitrogen, 8% phosphorus and 7% potassium.

Mix manure 4-8-4

Ammonium sulfate 200 dl
Superphosphate (16%) 500 dl
Potassium (50% K2O) 80 dl
Sand or earth 220 dl
This fertilizer contains 4% nitrogen, 8% phosphoric acid and 4% potassium.

Tobacco mix manure

Ammonium sulfate (20,5% N) 293 dl
Oilseed extraction residues (7% N) 286 dl
Cottonseed meal (5,5% N) 351 dl
Superphosphate (18%) 778 dl
Potassiumum sulfate (48% K2O) 292 dl

Garden mix manure

Ammonium sulfate 293 dl
Chile saltpeter 125 dl
Oilseed extraction residues 286 dl
Superphosphate 889 dl
Potassiumum sulfate 200 dl
Sand (vulstof) 207 dl

Gras mix manure

Ammonium sulfate 585 dl
Castor waste 440 dl
Superphosphate 667 dl
Potassium 80 dl
Sand 228 dl

Delphinium black rot

Sublimate (poisonous) 1 dl
Sodium nitrate 1 dl
Water 1000 dl
The earth around the roots is generously watered with the solution.

Lawns free of weeds

Ammonium sulfate 6 dl
Superphosphate 1,5 dl
Potassiumum sulfate 0,5 dl
Iron sulfate 2 dl
Sand 10 dl
This mixture is spread dry on the lawn. The different salts kill the weeds while the grass is not affected. The iron makes the grass greener, while the other salts, when dissolved by the rain, serve as fertilizer.

Sprinkle about 60 g per m², preferably when the grass is dry and the soil moist. It can be sprinkled monthly until the end of June. Lime, which is sometimes used to prevent moss from growing, promotes the growth of clover. Ammonium sulfate is then sprinkled against this. Moss can be destroyed with a mixture of equal parts iron sulphate and charcoal.

Brown spots in lawns, caused by certain diseases, can be regenerated by spreading a mixture of 1 dl sublimate (toxic), 2 dl calomel (toxic) and 30 dl fine sand and then watering well.

Remove arsenic spray from apples

  • In most cases, a wash with 0.33% hydrochloric acid is sufficient, whenever the spray liquid was not oily.
  • If small amounts of wax or oil are present on the skin, the concentration of the hydrochloric acid should be increased to 0.66 or 1.33. One cannot go higher, because at 2% hydrochloric acid the apples are already affected.
  • In this case, an emulsion of purified petroleum and kaolin must be added to the hydrochloric acid and heated to 35 to 40℃.

Panama disease in bananas

  • This disease is best combated with gas oil with a specific gravity of no more than 0.887. With each plant, pour ½ to 1 l of the oil over the roots and into the surrounding soil.

Disinfectant for seed potatoes

Sublimate (poisonous) 2 dl
Hydrochloric acid 10 dl
water 1000 dl
The potatoes are dipped in the solution for 5 to 40 minutes, depending on the nature of the contamination

Seed disinfectant

Slaked lime 95 dl
water 500 dl
While stirring well, a solution of 5 dl of sublimate (toxic) in 100 dl of water is added. The precipitate is filtered off and dried.
The seed is exposed to the vapors of formaldehyde, which is generated by heating a 1-percent formalin solution to boiling.

Weed killer in seed beds

Zinc sulfate 30 dl
Water 1000 dl
Carefully pour 2 to 2.5 l of this solution per m2 into the seed bed. If the operation has to be repeated for a new harvest, half the quantity is taken.

Earthworm poison

Sublimate (poisonous) 1 dl
Water 10.000 dl
This solution is harmless to the plants. Still, it is better to water the plants with clean water.

Snail Killer

Ferrous sulfate 20 dl
Ferric sulfate 20 dl
Copper sulfate 45 dl
This solution is harmless to the plants. Still, it is better to water the plants with clean water.

Destroy couch grass

also known as twitch, quick, quitch, dog grass, quackgrass, scutch, witchgrass
Sodium chlorate 1 dl
Water 10 dl

The solution is poured two or three times a year, it destroys all plant growth.

The solution is very dangerous, should not come into contact with clothes as they could ignite on their own. Wash clothes immediately with soap and warm water after handling this solution.

Destroy grass between stones

A solution of calcium chloride in the water is poured into the joints.

Potato blight

Spray with Bordeaux porridge. This is made by dissolving 1 kg of pure copper sulphate in 50 l of water (in a wooden tub). has. This 50 l milk of lime is placed in a tub of 100 l capacity and the copper sulphate solution is added to the milk of lime while stirring continuously. After this, one can see with phenolphthalein paper whether the solution is alkaline. If not, add enough milk of lime until the paper just turns red.

You can also sprinkle a powder consisting of 1 dl finely ground anhydrous copper sulphate and 8 dl marble lime hydrate. The Bordeaux porridge can be stabilized by adding 100 g white sugar per 100 l.

Spray agent

Nicotine 1,2 dl
Soft soap 20,2 dl
Water 75,2 dl
Soft soap 6 dl
Tobacco extract 3 dl
Spirit (alcohol) 4 dl
Water 130 dl

The effect can be increased by combining with an oil emulsion. Anthracene oil can also be added here.

Spraying agent for horticulture

  • 400 g of casein is soaked with 7 l of cold water.
  • After this, 300 g of calcined soda are added and then gradually 750 g of finely powdered gutte gum.
  • Finally, add enough water until the total volume is about 75 l.

It is now easy to emulsify oil with this solution.
To this end, 1 part by volume of the solution is mixed with 5 parts by volume of petroleum with a s.g. of 0.891, resulting in a thick mass. This thick emulsion can be stored well and is then diluted with water to such an extent shortly before use that, for example, an a-pets emulsion is formed, which is sprayed on.
The oil adheres very well to the leaves and lingers for a long time.

Mildew control

While one usually takes pure sulfur, it is better to use a mixture of 95% finely ground sulfur and 5% zinc oxide. aluminum hydroxide, aluminum sulphate or zinc sulphate. The sulfur must be ground, one must not use sublimated sulfur flour.

One can also take a mixture of 36 dl copper carbonate, 3 dl copper sulphate and 58 dl sulfur.

The powders should be sprayed in dry sunny weather. You can also spray with Bordeau porridge, to which you add about ½ kg of soft soap per 100 l.

Cornflower leaf affected by mildew.

Spray against the beet fly

Barium Chloride 5 dl
Water 95 dl
Pure nicotine 0,15 dl
Water 99,85 dl
Sodium fluoride 0,4 dl
Sugar 2,0 dl
Water 97,6 dl

Spray against nematodes

Carbon Sulfur 68 dl
Resin soap 8 dl
Water 26 dl

Before use: dilute 1 : 50 with water, if necessary add some formaldehyde.

You can also destroy the larvae by making holes in the ground at a distance of about 50 cm, pouring some carbon disulphide into them and then kicking the holes closed. After this, the treated piece of soil is poured abundantly with water.

Spray against hornets

Soft soap 1 dl
Deris root (finely ground) 2 dl
Water 32 dl

Eradicating ferns

Spray with a 1 pc solution of sodium chlorate.

Insect catching tape

Thick lubricating oil 5 dl
A-naphtylamine waste 4 dl
Linseed oil 75 dl
Sulfur 6 dl
Dissolve by heating
Thick crude petroleum 50 dl
calcium hydrate 6 dl
Rosin oil 6 dl
Wood tar 2 dl

The mass is spread over the paper catch belts or the mass is spread directly onto the trunk.

Pine oil sprays

Steam distilled pine oil can in many cases replace expensive essential oils such as methyl salicylate, eitronellal, lemon oil, safrole, etc. It smells pleasant and has strong antiseptic properties.

Recipe no. 1:
Pyrethrum extract 800 dl
Petroleum (pure) 4000 dl
Citronellal 30 dl
Pine-oil 200 dl
Paradichlorobenzene 200 dl

Recipe no. 2:
Pyrethrum extract 800 dl
Petroleum 4000 dl
Paradichlorobenzene 120 dl
Cedarwood oil 90 dl
Pine-oil 90 dl
Methyl salicylate 60 dl

Recipe no. 3:
Pyrethrum extract 1 dl
Petroleum 5 dl
Pine-oil 1 dl

Spray against insects

Diglycol oleate 2 dl
Pyrethrum extract in petroleum 50 dl

This solution is alkali-free and the pyrethrum therefore retains its full potency.

Diluted with water, an emulsion is obtained, which separates very easily on the leaves.

Insect powder

Sulfur 60 dl
Nicotine 2 dl
Lead arsenate 10 dl
Arsenic 2 dl
Talcum 28 dl

This powder is a heavy poison, handle with care.

Cabbage maggot

Colomel 4 dl
Gypsum powder 96 dl


Sodium silicofluoride in powder.
Treat the corn in a closed space with the fumes of carbon disulphide. 100 to 150 g per m³ are evaporated. The best temperature is 23 to 32℃. If the effect does not last longer than 36 hours, the germination capacity of the corn is not reduced.

Field mouse poison

Wheat grains 125 dl
Thallium sulfate 1½ dl
Hot water 12 dl
Starch ½ dl
Blycerin ½ dl

The thallium sulfate is dissolved in hot water and the hot solution is poured into the starch, which has been previously stirred with a little cold water.

The starch paste is boiled for a few minutes, the glycerin is then added and finally the wheat grains are mixed with this solution and allowed to dry.

A simple rat poison consists of a tapioca porridge, to which 2½% thallium sulphate is added. The porridge is then spread on slices of bread.

Lice and mite tablets for poultry

Calcium sulfide 16 dl
Fine sand 7 dl
Gypsum 7 dl
Sugar 58 dl
Starch 12 dl

Lice powder for poultry

Nicotine 3 dl
Naphthalin 10 dl
Flower of sulfur 200 dl
Sodium fluoride 5 dl

The nicotine is intimately mixed with a small portion of the sulfur first, and then added to the rest. The sodium fluoride and the naphthalin must first be finely ground.

Means against intestinal disease in chickens

Copper sulfate 3 dl
Vinegar 30 dl

About 10 g of the mixture is added to each liter of drinking water.


Means against lime legs in poultry

Balsam of Peru 1 dl
Spirit 10 dl

Remedy against lime legs in chickens

Fine sand 1 dl
Charcoal powder 1 dl
Wood ash 1 dl
Flour of sulfur 1 dl
A good amount of the mixture is put in a wooden container, which is placed under a roof, so that it always remains dry. The chickens bathe in the mixture, which eventually disinfects and heals the legs. The mixture must be renewed every week.

Laying powder for chickens

Calcium Phosphate 4 dl
Iron sulfate 4 dl
Capsicum powder 4 dl
Fenugreek root powder 2 dl
Black pepper 1 dl
Dune sand 2 dl
Ground lentils 6 dl
On 20 hens, mix one tablespoon per day with the feed.

Cleaner for bird cages

Superol 8 dl
Burnt sugar 1 dl
Cinnamon water 120 dl
Water 600 dl

A few tablespoons of this solution are added to the bath water of birds, which kills parasites and germs. The cage is also cleaned from time to time with the same solution.

Bird medicines

Against diarrhea:
Iron chloride tincture 8 dl
Opium tinctur 8 dl
Chore water 100 dl

Against constipation:
Senna leaf extract 8 dl
Manna syrup 30 dl
Fennel water 100 dl

Against asthma:
Capsicum tincture 20 dl
Chloroform spirit 6 dl
Citric acid iron 3 dl
Fennel water 100 dl
Every day a few drops on a lump of sugar.

Against weakness:
Capsicum powder 1 dl
Entian root powder 4 dl
Iron lactate 15 dl
Powdered sugar 15 dl
White syrup 30 dl
In addition, a small amount of boiled peas is given every day.

Pesticide against vermin
in livestock

Recept no. 1.
Paraffin oil 15 dl
Pyrethrum extract 5 dl
Pine oil 25 dl
Petroleum 55 dl
Recept no. 2.
Paraffin oil 20 dl
Pyrethrum extract 8 dl
Pine oil 30 dl
Petroleum 42 dl
Recept no. 3.
Pyrethrum extract 8 dl
Pine oil 30 dl
Petroleum distillate 62 dl
Recept no. 4.
Paraffin oil 30 dl
Pyrethrum extract 8 dl
Pine oil 50 dl
Petroleum 12 dl
The ingredients are simply mixed. Pine oil is a product that is obtained as a by-product during the manufacture of resin and turpentine and has very favorable properties for purposes such as those mentioned here. It does not irritate the skin and does not smell unpleasant.

The product is particularly beneficial for dairy cows, as it does not have the slightest influence on the taste of the milk. In addition, it has a healing effect on inflamed areas due to insect bites. All ingredients used must be as pure as possible.


Means against lice
in livestock

Natriumfluoride 1 dl
Kiezelgoer 1 dl

Veterinary ointment

Tribromophenol 6 dl
Vaseline 67 dl
Beeswax 9 dl
Lard 30 dl
Alum 14 dl
Sulfur 28 dl
Indigo 2 dl
The mixture is finely ground on an ointment mill.

Cough honey for horses

Camphor in powder 1 dl
Myrrh powder 1 dl
Potassium chlorate 2 dl
Honey 8 dl
Glycerin 8 dl
One tablespoon three times a day.

Health powder for horses

Gentian root powder 4 dl
Sulfur powder 4 dl
Potassium nitrate 1 dl
Sodium sulfate 2 dl
Fenugreek root 1 dl
Liquorice root powder 4 dl
One tablespoon with each meal.

Scabies ointment

Yellow mercuroiodide 1 dl
Salicylic acid 15 dl
Sulfur 90 dl
Neutral coal tar 15 dl
Pine tar 90 dl
Fish oil 700 dl
Diglycol oleate 30 dl
Shake before use, apply in the evening and wash off the next day.

Worm remedy for dogs

Chenopidium oil 6 dl
Clove oil 1 dl
Anise oil 2 dl
Chloroform 4 dl
Castor oil 115 dl

Ant poison

Rat powder
 (Arsenic, heavy poison)
30 dl
Crystallized soda 22 dl
Water 500 dl
Boil in glass or enamel until everything is dissolved. Subsequently, dilute with enough water until the volume is 1 l. Stick the bottle with a clearly legible label, also label with 'heavy poison'.

Shortly before use, 30 g of this solution is now mixed with a pound of honey. This solution is carried to the nest by the ants and poisons the queen and the hatch.

Thallium sulfate is used against red ants, as the arsenic is sometimes without influence:

Water 500 dl
Sugar 450 dl
Thallium sulfate (poison) 2 dl
Honey 90 dl


A mixture of equal parts of carbon disulphide and carbon tetrachloride is poured into the highest holes in the affected wood, or a 20% solution of paradichlorobenzene in kerosene is poured into the holes.

Worms in flower pots

Boil 8 to 10 wild chestnuts with a liter of water, let the solution cool down and pour it over the soil in the flower pot. The worms come to the surface and can be removed.

Quassia wood solution

Quassiawood sawdust 1 dl
Water 20 dl
These are boiled together, after which the solution is allowed to stand for 24 hours. The solution is then poured off, mixed with a solution of 4 dl soft soap in 10 dl water and diluted to 200 dl.

The solution is sprayed against aphids on apple, pear and plum trees, beans and beets.

A solution, which is prepared in the same way, but with 3 dl of kvass and 5 dl of soap, is used against caterpillars.

Cresol soap solution

Raw cresol 1 dl
Soft soap 9 dl
A solution of 2½% is sprayed.

Spray against cabbage caterpillars

Barium chloride 4 dl
Molasses 2 dl
Lime 0,05 dl
Water 100 dl
Paradichlorobenzene 120 dl

Means against gadflies

Recipe no. 1.
Laurel oil 700 dl
Naphthalene 100 dl
Ethyl acetate 100 dl
Petroleum 75 dl
Clove oil 25 dl

Recipe no. 2.
Laurel oil 100 dl
Green soap 100 dl
Water 700 dl
Petroleum 100 dl
The laurel oil is heated with the solution of the soap in the water on a water bath until the mass is uniform. The mixture is then removed from the water bath and the kerosene is added with stirring. Stir until the mass is completely cold.
Recipe no. 3.
Paraffin 175 dl
Ceresin 175 dl
Paraffin oil 650 dl
Bay berry oil 50 dl
Eucalyptus oil 40 dl
Anise oil 10 dl
The first three ingredients are melted together and the essential oils are added over moderate heat.

The hair of the horses is thinly rubbed with one of these products.

Disinfecting seedbeds

Formaldehyde 40% 2,5 dl
Water 100 dl
About 5 l of this 1 pct solution is sprayed per m²; if possible, the ground is covered with tarpaulin for another two days.

If the soil is worked well, you can sow after 7 to 10 days and plant after 10 to 14 days.

The soil in greenhouses can be disinfected with a 0.3% formaldehyde solution.

Against cabbage flies, 4 days after planting, about 50 cm³ of a 0.1 pct sublimate solution is poured into each plant. The same amount is poured every 6 to 8 days for a few more weeks.
dangerous-poisonous Sublimate is a heavy poison!

Barium polysulfide

Barium sulphide 9 dl
Sulfor 29 dl
Water 360 dl
The mixture is boiled until the sulfur is completely dissolved. The evaporated water is replenished.

Insect trap tape glue

Colophonium 60 dl
Castor oil 35 dl
Ceresin 5 dl
Colophonium 60 dl
Rosin oil (uncleaned) 30 dl
Blown rapeseed oil 10 dl
The colophonium is heated to about 250℃ beforehand, so that it no longer crystallizes.

Fruit tree carbolineum

Colophonium 20 dl
Montan wax 10 dl
Carbolineum 55 dl
Caustic soda 36° Bé 8 dl
Spirit 8 dl
The first three ingredients are melted together, cooled and then the mixture of lye and spirit is added, until the carbolineum emulsifies well with water.
The carbolineum now obtained is smeared with a brush on the trunk and the accessible branches in winter:
Soft soap 3 dl
Water 10 dl
Colophonium 1 dl
Spirit 3 dl
Strong ammonia 3 dl
Carbolineum 20 dl
Water tot 100 dl
The soap is dissolved in the water, the resin in spirit and ammonia, the carbolineum is added and diluted with water.

Remedy against crop disease in newly cultivated land

While one usually takes copper sulphate, which is easily washed away, next to rubbish from the big city one can advantageously sprinkle crushed mineral, which contains copper in small quantities. The copper is not immediately soluble in the mineral and is gradually released into the soil when the mineral is weathered.

One can also take copper-containing slag or waste, which generally also contain the other elements that needs small amounts.

Cresol sulfuric acid

Raw cresol 2 dl
Strong sulfuric acid 1 dl
Carefully pour the acid into the cresol while stirring. The preparation should be allowed to stand for a few days before use, but should not be older than three months.

Milking fat

Vaseline 75 dl
Paraffin oil 25 dl
Osmaron liquid 0,6 dl
Vaseline 50 dl
Vaseline oil 40 dl
Paraffin 10 dl
Osmaron-B 0,6 dl

Plant hormones

It has been discovered that certain substances significantly accelerate the growth of plants and plant parts. As in this respect they are like the hormones of the animal body, they have been called plant hormones. These substances are chemically prepared and actually have a very simple composition.

They can also be made synthetically and it is expected that they will become of paramount importance for the future of cultivation trials. For example, if you put a lanolin ointment containing 0.1 to 2% of the hormone on one side of a growing twig, this side will grow much faster and the twig will become crooked. Cuttings placed in a diluted solution of the hormone take root much sooner than the same cuttings in a simple nutrient saline solution.

The different hormones are: B-indolyl acetic acid, B-indolyl propionic acid, methyl-b-indolyl acetate, A-naphthalene acetic acid, B-naphthalene acetic acid, phenylacetic acid and phenylpropionic acid.


Antiseptic sprinkle powder for dogs

Insect powder 1 dl
Trisodium phosphate 4 dl
Borax 5 dl
Calcined soda 10 dl
Carbolic acid (poison) 2 dl
Kaolin 28 dl
Starch 50 dl

Antiseptic dog soap

Coconut fat dl
Caustic soda (NaOH) 38° Bé dl
Caustic soda (KOH) 38° Bé dl
Naphthalene 2 dl
Spirit 2 dl
Creolin 5 dl
The fat is melted and mixed with the slightly preheated lye, the naphthalene is dissolved in the spirit. As soon as you see that the soap begins to form, add the other ingredients, stir well and fill into a mold. The pieces are cut.

Sulfur ointment for pets

Precipitated sulfur 10 dl
Zinc oxide 10 dl
Vaseline 70 dl
Balsam of Peru 10 dl
Finely grind on a roller mill.

Disinfecting stables

Carefully remove and burn or disinfect manure and animal feed residues.

Wash everything down with a 3 pc mild soap solution.

Whitewash walls with thick whitewash, to which a few percent chloramine or caporite is added.

The floors and all woodwork are disinfected with a 0.5 to 5% chloramine solution or with chlorinated lime, caperite or cresol sulfuric acid. The cresol sulfuric acid is preferably used in winter. The solution is made 3 pct, in addition 5 to 10% table salt is added.

Finally, dry fresh slaked lime or chloramine is sprinkled on the bottom.

Hoof grease

Neutral wool grease 5,2 dl
Spindle oil 2,0 dl
Soft gold ron 0,5 dl
Paraffin 0,3 dl
Water approx. 2,4 dl
Uncleaned montan wax 5 dl
Neutral wool fat 80 dl
Spindle oil 20 dl
Pure carbolic acid 1 dl

Sulfur candles

Recipe no. 1.
Sulfur 500 dl
Charcoal powder 25 dl
Saltpeter 10 dl
The mass is very gently melted and poured into candle molds with a wick impregnated with paraffin.

By increasing the amount of saltpeter to about 25 dl, the mass also burns without wick.

The sulfur dioxide formed when sulfur is burned is a good exterminator for all kinds of vermin in the houses and on the land, rats and mice and voles.

Recipe No. 2.
Sulfur 30 dl
Saltpeter 20 dl
Colophonium 10 dl
Sawdust 10 dl
The mass is mixed with slightly cooked starch and pressed into molds.

Sulfur liver
(Potassium polysulfide)

Potasch 27 dl
Sulfur in pieces 17 dl
Melt until completely even and water-free.

- Against mildew a 0.2 to 0.4 pct solution is sprayed in the summer, in the winter the solution is 3 to 5 pct.

- Can also be sprayed against scale insects and similar vermin.

Smoke candles

Insect powder 75 dl
Quassia wood flour 10 dl
Salpeter 10 dl
Tragacanth or another gum as a binder. The mass is stirred into a thick paste with water and formed into candles. By stirring the mass with a solution of pure nicotine, the candle becomes much more effective. You can also replace part of the insect powder with fine tobacco. It can be calculated that 0.1 g nicotine per m3 is needed in a greenhouse to destroy aphids and similar vermin.

Resin oil soap

Colophonium 2265 dl
Tear 500 dl
Water 4500 dl
Potassium hydroxide 450 dl
The potassium hydroxide is first dissolved in water, the mixture is boiled for about 2 hours and further diluted with water. The solution is sprayed against aphids.

Lice ointment

Mercury 10 dl
Lanolin 5 dl
Groundnut oil 1 dl
Pork fat 55 dl
Sheep fat 29 dl
The quicksilver is gradually added to the mixture of lanolin and groundnut oil while rubbing well in a mortar. You have to rub until you can no longer see mercury with a magnifying glass. The two fats are melted together and added slightly cooled to the first mixture. The ointment must not spoil, as it will then become highly poisonous. For this reason, the two fats are often replaced by a mixture of one part lanolin and two parts yellow petroleum jelly.

The ointment may not be used at all for sheep, goats and cows, for other livestock only on prescription from the veterinarian.

Cresol powder

Tricresol 3 dl
Talcum 57 dl
Magnesium oxide 10 dl
Pipe clay 30 dl
Tricresol 3 dl
Talcum 17 dl
Zinc oxide 10 dl
Potato flour 70 dl

Scabies soap

Beef fat 400 dl
Coconut fat 200 dl
Castor oil 200 dl
Styrax, uncleaned 200 dl
These substances are melted at the lowest possible temperature, mixed and the mixture allowed to cool to 25°C. The following ingredients are then added while stirring well:
Caustic soda (NaOH) s.g. 1,41 430 dl
Crystallized soda 50 dl
Benzole 100 dl
Flower of sulfur 100 dl
Water 100 dl
Spirit 20 dl
Benzaldehyde 5 dl
The mass is stirred until completely homogeneous and then poured into wooden molds lined with wet parchment paper.


Fluorine sodium 40 dl
Sugar 500 dl
Water 10000 dl
Fluorine sodium 25 dl
Bran 600 dl
Water 300 dl
The liquid preparation is sprayed against flies, the solid preparation is sprinkled in greenhouses against cellar moths and similar vermin.

Cockroach poison

Borax 1 dl
Flour 1 dl

Mosquito preparations

Recipe no. 1.
Pyridine 4 dl
Thymol 1 dl
Safrol 20 dl
Birch tar oil 20 dl
Spermacetie oil 400 dl
Recipe no. 2.
Citronelle oil 26 dl
Cedarwood oil 11 dl
Camphor spirit 58 dl
Recipe no. 3.
Menthol 2 dl
Soda 2 dl
White petroleum jelly 10 dl

Spray against nematodes

Tall oil 300 dl
Caustic soda (NaOH) 20° Bé 280 dl
Fire spirit 50 dl
White spirit or
 petroleum distillate 250 dl
Sulfur carbon 250 dl
The tall oil is saponified with the lye at boiling heat, allowed to cool slightly, then the spirit and finally the other two liquids are added. To destroy the nematodes, the field is first plowed and then sprayed with a 2% solution of the preparation.

Medicines for cows and horses, medicines for chickens, birdseed and more ...

Draw plaster for horses

Spanish fly tincture 2 dl
Camphor oil 1 dl
Rub with the agent three times a day until a blister appears. Once the blister diminishes, rub again.

Equine colic remedy

Opium tincture 1 dl
Aether 1 dl
Chloroform 1 dl
One tablespoon of mixture in 1/2 liter of water is given.

Cow powder

Catechu 30 dl
Ginger powder 120 dl
Entian root 120 dl
Opium 15 dl
The ingredients are finely ground and mixed.

Wound remedy

Aloe tincture 2 dl
Myrrh tincture 1 dl
Opium tincture 1 dl
Water 8 dl
Apply the product to the wound morning and evening.

Wound ointment

Melted lard 16 dl
Beeswax 16 dl
Colophonium 8 dl
Carbolic acid 1 dl

Against diarrhea

Opium 1 dl
Peppermint oil 7 dl
Flax meal 30 dl
Morning and evening 15 g with 1/2 l of warm water.

Against fever

Salicylic acid 20 dl
Sodium bicarbonate 15 dl
Magnesium sulfate 300 dl

Against dampness

Copaiva balm 1 dl
Turpentine oil 2 dl
Venetian turpentine 1 dl
Wine vinegar 16 dl
One tablespoon once a day.

Cough medicine

Recipe no. 1.
Sodium bromide 12 dl
Creosote water 120dl
Fennel water 250 dl
Half a tablespoon four times a day.
Recipe no. 2.
Ammonium bromid 12 dl
Fennel water 250 dl
Liquorice syrup 250 dl
One tablespoon four times a day.

Horse liniment

Camphor 30 dl
Acetic acid 450 dl
Alcohol 540 dl
Turpentine oil 1500 dl
Eggs 300 dl
Mountain elm distillate 1300 dl

Against influenza

Salmiak 45 dl
Camphor gum 15 dl
Potassium chloride 30 dl
Finely ground
 liquorice extract 60 dl
Syrup 100 l
One tablespoon in the morning and evening.

Scabies remedy

Flower of sulfur 4 dl
Marble lime hydrate 1 dl
Cook until everything is dissolved. First wash the skin with soap and then rub with the product.

Powder to make cows give more milk.

Potassium nitrate 1 dl
Alum 1 dl
Flour of sulfur 1 dl
Precipitated chalk 1 dl
White bolus 2 dl
Red clover seed 5 dl
Anise seed 10 dl
Fennel seed 10 dl
Table salt 10 dl
All ingredients are finely ground and mixed. A handful is sprinkled on the feed in the morning.


Aloe 1 dl
Pure soap 12 dl
Caraway seeds 4 dl
Ginger 4 dl
One mixes with enough syrup to form the mass into pills. One gives per day 1 pill, 20 grams.

Coloring of bird feathers

The springs are first thoroughly cleaned with petrol or a soap solution, after which they are bleached with hydrogen peroxide. Bleaching is carried out with hydrogen peroxide, which is first neutralized against litmus with ammonia. One fills a glass trough with water, puts the feathers in it and now some hydrogen peroxide is added: one must work in the dark or sufficiently far from the window. As the feathers become lighter, more hydrogen peroxide is added. When the feathers are completely white, they are washed with lukewarm water and dried with constant agitation.

Finally, the feathers are colored by dipping them in a boiling dye solution. Neutral solutions of vesuvine, phosphine, moroco red, fuchsin, methylene violet, malachite green and black are used. Dyes such as orseillin, naphtaline green, azo yellow, ponceau red and the like must be processed in sulfuric acid solution.

Very nice effects can be achieved by spraying the dye solution on the feathers. Especially the transitions between different colors can work very nicely.


Canary seed 6 dl
Rapeseed 2 dl
Poppy seed (hell seed) 1 dl
Barley 2 dl

disclaimer | w3schools | GFDL | GoodFon.com | pixabay | lookandlearn.com | pexels |pinterest | pxhere.com | unsplash.com
We decline all responsibility with regard to errors in the information, in the translation, possible harmfulness of mentioned substances and possible harmful consequences of working with these substances or of following the translated recipes on this website. For more information you read the disclaimer.
copyright © 2023 -
mixandstir.com - all rights reserved